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New article in Energies analysing the impacts on climate action of post-COVID-19 economic packages


Emissions pathways after COVID-19 will be shaped by how governments’ economic responses translate into infrastructure expansion, energy use, investment planning and societal changes. As a response to the COVID-19 crisis, most governments worldwide launched recovery packages aiming to boost their economies, support employment and enhance their competitiveness. Climate action is pledged to be embedded in most of these packages, but with sharp differences across countries. This paper provides novel evidence on the energy system and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions implications of post-COVID-19 recovery packages by assessing the gap between pledged recovery packages and the actual investment needs of the energy transition to reach the Paris Agreement goals. Using two well-established Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) and analysing various scenarios combining recovery packages and climate policies, we conclude that currently planned recovery from COVID-19 is not enough to enhance societal responses to climate urgency and that it should be significantly upscaled and prolonged to ensure compatibility with the Paris Agreement goals.

Full reference: Rochedo, P. R. R., Fragkos, P., Garaffa, R., Couto, L. C., Baptista, L. B., Cunha, B. S. L., Schaeffer, R., & Szklo, A. (2021). Is Green Recovery Enough? Analysing the Impacts of Post-COVID-19 Economic Packages. Energies, 14(17), 5567.


A figure of the ambition gap and investment gap in 2030 and 2050.
Ambition gap and investment gap in 2030 and 2050 for different models and scenarios (adapted from Rochedo et al., 2021)